During pregnancy, women should eat a balanced and nutritious diet. The second-trimester diet should is vital as the baby starts gaining weight. The second-trimester Indian diet chart should focus on great protein, nutrient, dense fats, and fiber-rich carbohydrates. By this phase of pregnancy, nausea subsides and women can eat normally. The body needs more calories in the second trimester as compared to the first. Women experience weight gain during this time because of the weight of the baby and amniotic fluid.
By the Second trimester of pregnancy, all the discomforts of the first trimester subside. Women enjoy this phase the most and can eat nicely without feeling sick. In the second trimester diet, you need more calories. The second-trimester diet should be healthy to ensure a healthy baby and mother. The most important nutrients required during this time for a baby’s growth are iron, protein, calcium, folate, vitamin D, Omega-3, etc.
During the second trimester diet and exercise, are equally important. Women should eat a balanced diet for the proper growth of the fetus. The most important nutrients needed in the second-trimester diet are-
During the second trimester of pregnancy, the baby needs more oxygen to develop. Iron carries oxygen to the fetus. A diet deficient in iron can cause anaemia that can increase the risk of premature birth. The second-trimester Indian dietchartshould contain lean meat, nuts, leafy green vegetables, beans and lentils, whole grains, and fortified breakfast cereal.
Protein helps in the growth of the brain and tissues of the baby. The second-trimester Indian diet plan should include nuts, lean meat, tofu, eggs, fish, peas, beans, and lentils. They are good sources of protein.
In this phase of pregnancy baby’s nervous and circulatory system develops. Calcium helps in the smooth formation of nerves, the circulating system, and muscles. It helps in the formation of strong teeth and bone. Milk, yogurt, eggs, almonds, broccoli, white beans are rich in calcium.
Folate intake is crucial in the second trimester to prevent neural tube defects in children. It reduces the risk of premature labour also. The second trimester India diet chart should have folic acid-rich foods like legumes, dark leafy green vegetables, oranges, and whole grains.
Vitamin D helps in the formation of healthy bones in the baby. It is mostly made by the body in the exposure of sunlight. Foods like fatty fish, fortified cereals, cheese, egg yolks, and fish liver oils are rich in Vitamin D.
Omega-3 fatty acid
Omega-3 fatty acid supports the functioning of the heart, brain, eyes, immune and central nervous system. It is found in foods like oily fish, fish oil, flaxseeds, and chia seeds.
The mineral helps in the baby’s brain and nervous system development. You should consume iodized salt to cater to its need.
You may not meet the daily requirements of nutrients during the second trimester. Thus, you must see a doctor and take prenatal vitamins to cater to the deficiency.
Pregnant lady needs more water than non-pregnant women. They need to stay hydrated as it helps in the formation of the placenta and amniotic sac. Dehydration during pregnancy can cause many complications.
A point to remember- The body absorbs iron from animal products more effectively than plants.
Women should be careful while choosing the second-trimester diet chart. You should avoid these foods during pregnancy-
HERA pro-tip-You can make one or two large dishes each week and freeze some portions for quick weeknight meals..- HERA
The need for vitamin and minerals increases during the second trimester of pregnancy. Second-trimester Indian diet chart should daily contain-
During the second trimester of pregnancy weight gain is very normal. The baby starts to grow in size and the woman’s weight increases. The body needs 300 extra calories daily to manage the weight gained in the second trimester of pregnancy. Exercise is very important with the second-trimester diet.
The normal weight gain during pregnancy should be-
Gaining weight more than recommended, increase the risk of high blood pressure, larger baby, and caesarean delivery. Swimming, walking, and exercising can help to manage weight in pregnancy.
The bottom line
The second-trimester diet plan should carefully be selected as it is the phase of the baby’s rapid development. The second-trimester Indian diet chart should contain nutrients like iron, protein, calcium, folate, and omega-3 fats. These nutrients are essential for a baby’s organ development and function. Weight gain during the second trimester is normal and healthy.